Cuneiform Development Chart
This chart (adapted from René Labat, Manuel D’Epigraphie Akkadienne: Signes, Syllabaire, Ideogrammes) shows the development of classical Akkadian syllabic cuneiform from older Sumerian pictographs and logograms. The first column on the left gives the Sumerian and Akkadian words along with the English translation. The next columns depict classical Sumerian (ca. 2400 BCE) pictographs followed by their corresponding cuneiform logograms. Old Assyrian/Babylonian cuneiform (ca. 2000 BCE) develops from these Sumerian signs in the fourth column. Finally, Neo-Assyrian/Babylonian (ca. 1000 BCE) syllabic adaptations result in the simplified cuneiform of the fifth column. Note the progressing development of cuneiform symbols from recognizable shapes, which served as closer representations of a word or idea in Sumerian, to representations of various syllables or words in Akkadian.
,” Gallery, accessed July 3, 2022, https://gallery.library.vanderbilt.edu/items/show/3465.