Browse Items (1666 total)

Cylinder-Seals.jpg
Cylinder seals were invented around 3500 BCE and came into use with the development of cuneiform writing. The seals retained their popularity through the Akkadian, Assyrian and late Babylonian eras. They were not only a mark of ownership but a form…

Cuneiform.jpg
Cuneiform is a system of writing characterized by wedge-shaped impressions made by a stylus generally on a clay tablet or engraved on stone or metal. Cuneiform writing developed in ancient Mesopotamia at about the same time that hieroglyphic writing…

Cooking-Pot.jpg
The cooking pot, excavated in 1996, was donated by the Megiddo Expedition, Tel Aviv University in 2001. This is a typical example of a cooking pot from the late Iron Age, confirmed by similarly-shaped finds at Hazor and Samaria. During this period…

Oil-Lamp 1000 BCE.jpg
Lamps made from shells, concave stones, and other natural objects have been found from some 15,000 years ago. The advent of pottery offered new material that could readily be crafted and styled into different forms. Early examples were open bowls or…

Storage-Jar.jpg
Storage jars, ranging from small to large, preserved water, wine, and dry foods for domestic use throughout the year. Larger jars, amphorae with narrow necks and two handles each, could also transport goods a great distance. Marine archaeologists…

Mosaic.jpg
Small tesserae or tiles were cut from stone and shaped in cubes or other forms to be used in creating a mosaic. They could be assembled with pieces of various colors to form simple or ornate designs and images. These tesserae are from the Roman…

Handles.jpg
Many pots were created with handles, which often survive intact along with other sherds, and from their shapes and sizes archaeologists can identify the types and approximate dates of the vessels to which they were attached. The handles here…

Sekhmet.jpg
Sekhmet, meaning “powerful,” is depicted with the body of a woman and the head of a lioness. A daughter of the sun-god Re, she became the consort of Ptah of Memphis. She is associated variously with fire, war, and healing. Here she is seated on a…

Bes.jpg
The dwarf-god Bes appears fierce and often grotesque but is actually benign in character. He serves as the protector of the family, especially of children and of women in hard labor. His ugliness was considered a deterrent to evil spirits, and he was…

Osiris.jpg
Osiris’s body is typically portrayed in mummified form, with the arms projecting outward to hold the royal scepters – the crook on the right and the flail on the left. The conical war helmet, the hedyet from Upper Egypt, has a cobra at the…
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